Book browser prototype: (a) Front cover. (b) Pages. (c) Electronics hidden in back cover. (d) Close-up of electronics. Credit: Watanabe. ©2007 IEEE. Explore further “I first started thinking about ‘future radio,’ and the possibility of mapping every radio station to the pages of a book,” Watanabe told PhysOrg.com. “Listening to radio like reading a book was the initial idea or concept.”With Watanabe’s book, users can search and access content such as TV channels, digital radio stations, bookmarked Web sites, as well as photo, audio or movie files stored on a hard drive. While current search methods—such as multiple clicking or pressing buttons, graphical user interfaces, and excessive scrolling—can handle smaller amounts of data, they become more complex and time-consuming as the data increases. Books, on the other hand, are interactive, can contain large amounts of information—and don’t crash.“The main audience for this type of device is people who aren’t into technology,” Watanabe said. “I wanted to develop a UI [user interface] which does not change people’s natural, traditional behavior, like turning over the pages.”In this design, 0.8-mm-thick light dependant resistors (LDRs), which measure brightness, are attached to each page and the front and back covers. A peripheral interface controller (PIC) hidden in the back cover senses what page the book is open to (or if it’s closed) from the LDRs, and uses Bluetooth to wirelessly send the state of the book to the target device (e.g. TV or PC). The different states of the book have straightforward meanings: opening the book turns the device on, closing the book turns it off; turning the pages switches pre-set content (such as TV channels); and turning the book upside down mutes the device. Users can operate the book anywhere within about 15 feet from the target device.Watanabe has already used the device for several applications, including a TV remote control. To connect the remote control to the book, Watanabe “hacked” the remote using a PIC and relays, allowing him to switch the buttons on the remote by operating the book. He did the same thing with a digital radio control, digital photo viewer, and bookmarked Web sites.In the future, Watanabe plans to research how electronic paper might be used in the book. Electronic paper could enable even more options, while providing color images and flexible pages. For example, Watanabe hopes to prototype functions such as play, pause, rewind, etc. Also, the content is currently manually pre-set, and Watanabe plans to develop software to make this work easier.As simple and straightforward as the book browser is, the device also extends to the deeper modern concept of bridging the gap between the paper and electronic worlds.“I think paper gives a new interface to the digital world,” Watanabe said. “This bridging will fill the gap between people who aren’t into technology and the digital world.”Citation: Watanabe, Jun-ichiro. “A Device for Easily Browsing Various Content Using the Metaphor of Reading Poetry.” IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 1, February 2007.Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Japan rapid scanning system can digitise book in one minute (w/ Video) As the amount of information on the Internet, TV and radio continues to increase, one of the challenges users face is how to quickly find what they’re looking for. As Jun-ichiro Watanabe of Hitachi Ltd. researched this question, he thought what could be a simpler, large-capacity, and more intuitive browser than an old-fashioned book? Citation: Browse digital media by flipping through a book (2007, April 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-04-browse-digital-media-flipping.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
SiGNa Chemistry’s range extender is shown on this Pedego® electric bicycle. Image credit: SiGNa and Pedego. Compared to advanced Li-ion batteries that have an energy density of about 65 Watt-hours per kilogram, SiGNa’s cartridges have an energy density of more than 1,000 Watt-hours per kilogram. The hydrogen cartridge produces up to 200 Watts of continuous power, and excess energy is stored in a Li-ion battery for climbing hills and energy-intensive acceleration.SiGNa Chemistry demonstrated the “range extender” power system at the Interbike International Trade Expo in Las Vegas at the end of last month. Although the company used the system on a Pedego® electric bicycle, the system is compatible with most other electric bicycle models. Since the fuel cells weigh just 1.5 pounds and are reusable, cyclists can easily replace them on long rides if they have more than one, eliminating the need to stop and recharge.The hydrogen system is also safe, as the hydrogen is produced at just 50% of the pressure of a soda can. The system’s only emission is water vapor, and sodium silicate, an environmentally safe byproduct of sodium silicide, is fully contained in the cartridge.According to SiGNa President and CEO Michael Lefenfeld, the company plans to take this technology beyond bicycles to serve as a primary or back-up power source for other transportation applications. Other applications include generators, lawn mowers, golf carts, consumer electronics, and any electric application that uses 1 W to 1 kW of power.SiGNa is currently taking pre-orders for the cartridges (no price listed), and plans to have the product commercially available next summer. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: via: Wired Citation: Electric bicycle gets 60-mile range with portable hydrogen fuel cell (2010, October 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-10-electric-bicycle-mile-range-portable.html Explore further Claiming to have developed “the most energy dense power solution for electric bicycles,” SiGNa Chemistry, Inc., is hoping to greatly improve not only electric bicycles, but many other electric applications. The New York City-based company has developed a cartridge containing sodium silicide, a stable metal powder. When the powder comes in contact with water (including polluted water, sea water, and urine), it instantly produces hydrogen, and the hydrogen is then converted into electricity. According to the company, one cartridge can power a bicycle for a range of up to 60 miles without pedaling. Sanyo rolls electric bicycles into US market © 2010 PhysOrg.com
Citation: Bacteria species part of Curiosity baggage on Mars (2014, May 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-05-bacteria-species-curiosity-baggage-mars.html Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity Rover Animation The authors’ comments reflect a concern among scientists over contamination, as they said that “this study will help gauge whether microorganisms from Earth pose a forward contamination risk that could impact future life detection and sample return missions. The overall outcome of this study will provide knowledge about the hardiest of organisms on the spacecraft and could benefit the development of cleaning and sterilization technologies to prevent forward contamination.”A Scientific American article in 2011 also noted why scientists are concerned about cleanliness standards: “Adhering to cleanliness standards is a way to make sure the mission does not transport Earth life to Mars. Doing so preserves the ability to study that world in its natural state and also avoids contamination that would obscure an ability to find native life on that planet, if it exists.” Credit: NASA © 2014 Phys.org Space Station research shows that hardy little space travelers could colonize Mars This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further More information: via Nature (Phys.org) —When the Curiosity rover landed on Mars in 2012, there may have been dozens of microbial species, having withstood pre-launch spacecraft cleaning. This is the finding of a study titled “Identification and Survival of Isolates Collected from the Mars Rover, Curiosity.” The scientists who worked on the study, from the University of Idaho, Jet Propulsion Lab at CalTech in Pasadena, Idaho State University, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, and Colby College, presented their findings on Monday to the American Society for Microbiology meeting in Boston. Reporting on this project, Nature News said their study is the first to examine the entire archive of microbes collected from Curiosity. The study is not only interesting for the number of strains identified but also for observations about their resistance. Results from the study can now provide details about the microbes that inhabit the surfaces of spacecraft after microbial reduction.Nature News, commenting on the findings, referred to “a surprising number” resisting extreme temperatures and damage caused by ultraviolet-C radiation, the most potentially harmful type.In their presentation abstract, the authors explained how organisms were collected during MSL’s planetary protection implementation campaign. (MSL refers to the Mars Science Laboratory.). Isolates were identified and characterized using standard culturing and molecular techniques. Results showed 62% of the 377 organisms identified were related to members of the Bacillus genus while 31% belonged to non-spore-forming genera. Many isolates showed resistance to desiccation (78%), and UVC radiation and 94% of the isolates could grow in the presence of elevated salt conditions (≥10% NaCl) and 35% at low temperatures (4C), while 11% of isolates could survive under multiple extreme conditions.
Artistes from India and South Korea recently combined martial arts forms with traditional dance techniques to showcase a unique art form that was both entertaining and healing, on the sidelines of a three-day international seminar, a part of Asia Project, in the Capital.Among the art forms showcased were Zen dance and Son Mudo from South Korea and Thangta, the martial arts form of Manipur.‘I developed this art form (Zen dance) in New York in 1972. I combined meditation and dance and created a dance meditation technique,’ said Sun Ock Lee, who performed with partner Won Il Lee at the IIC auditorium. According to Sun, the goal of both martial arts as well as meditation is to bring the mind and the body together and to free life from suffering. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’‘But before you can achieve that stage through this technique (Zen dance), you can increase your concentration, creativity and reduce stress level,’ she said.On Son Mudo, Sun Ock Lee said: ‘This art form was created by my teacher 85 years ago. It is all about harnessing the power of the mind and making the body follow the mind. It is very creative.’‘This art form uses the Yin and Yang principle of Chinese, Korean and Japanese philosophy. A lot of opposites are used in it,’ she added. While Zen Dance and Son Mudo were popularised by Sun Ock Lee in Europe and America, she has been working for the last few years to popularise it across Asia.The artiste also displayed Buddhist mudras (hand and wrist movements). ‘They are based on Tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism which was brought to Korea in the fourth century. There is a distinct difference between Buddhist mudras and the Hindu mudras’ Zen Dance and Son Mudo, according to Sun Ock Lee, also have powers of healing.
Kolkata: Three separate incidents of negligence death have been reported from various hospitals including SSKM Hospital in the city.A 9-month old girl, Subhangi Mallick, a resident of Chanditala in Behala was taken to SSKM on Saturday evening with a swollen boil on her head and fever. After checkup she was sent back home. As her condition deteriorated, the infant was again brought back to the hospital on Sunday morning. The family members of the victim alleged that the patient was taken to the Alex ward of the hospital where she was administered an injection without admitting her. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThis deteriorated her health condition. At around 9 am, she was declared dead. The family members of the victim became infuriated and started staging a demonstration at the hospital alleging medical negligence. The incident caused tension among patients. The victim’s family members also alleged that the on duty police personnel misbehaved with them. A scuffle broke out between police and the family members. The situation was later brought under control following the intervention of the senior police officers. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAnother incident took place in Hindmotor area in Hooghly where a former councillor of Uttarpara municipality, Dilip Sarkar, died of medical negligence on late Saturday night. Sarkar was taken to a private hospital at Hindmotor with severe chest pain at around 2 am on Friday night. As he was declared dead on Sunday morning, the family members of the victim became infuriated and started ransacking the private hospital.They alleged that the doctor who treated the patient is an Ayurvedic doctor and he applied modern medicine on the patient. They raised questions on how an ayurvedic doctor was appointed as the RMO. They also alleged that due to wrong treatment of the doctors, the patient died. A mob went on rampage ransacking the ICU and other portions of the hospital. They beat up the doctor identified as Ganesh Choudhury. The incident triggered tension among patients undergoing treatment at the hospital. A huge contingent of police rushed to the private hospital to bring the situation under control. They dispersed the mob.The family of choudhury, however, told the police that the doctor had a diploma so that he can treat emergency patients. A probe has been initiated.The other incident took place at Gopiballavpur Superspeciality hospital where a one-year-old boy died of alleged medical negligence. The family members of the victim ransacked a portion of the hospital following the incident.According to police, the victim boy, Deepak Hansda complained of abdominal pain and he was taken to the Gopiballavpur Superspeciality hospital on Saturday night. The victim’s mother Rajani Hansda who was accompanying her son and stayed with him at the hospital on Saturday night alleged no doctor turned up and the patient remained unattended when his condition deteriorated.The victim was later declared dead at around 11 am on Sunday morning. It was also alleged that hospital authorities misbehaved with the family members of the victim. The doctors took refuge inside a room of the hospital to save themselves when the mob was carrying out a rampage. Police later brought the situation under control.
Kolkata: Bengal government has set a target of doubling the export growth rate of the state within 2021, said Industry, Commerce and Enterprise minister Amit Mitra on Monday.He was addressing a workshop with the exporters, industries and various other stakeholders at a city hotel to accelerate the process of export promotion from the state. Despite some issues relating to the non-payment of refunds to the exporters, particularly to the small-scale ones, the state government has been able to achieve export growth rate of 11.17 percent last year. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsMitra said that there was an export of 8.23 billion US dollars from Bengal in the financial year 2016-17, which has gone up to 9.15 billion US dollars in 2017-18. Products worth around Rs 62,000 crore have been exported from the state in 2017-18.The Bengal government is taking all possible steps to double the figure in the next three years.”We have achieved 11.17 percent growth rate in exports, which is pretty high among all other states. It was around 10 percent last year. The export growth rate of the country according to CAGR remained at 6.01 percent for a period from 2007-08 up to 2016-17. The overall export that stands at Rs 62,000 will be doubled in the next three years,” Mitra said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAccording to the minister, an information centre will be set up jointly by the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC) and the MSME department, to disseminate information relating to the exports and various schemes.There are many schemes which the exporters do not know. The exporters will get to know the details about the schemes from these centres.An export cell will be set up at the district industrial centres, so that people interested in exports can gather information relating to it. Altogether 80 officers from industry and MSME sectors will be given training at the Institute of Foreign Trade in Kolkata, for a period of one month from July 5. Among the total number of officers, around 60 would be from the MSME department, while the rest would be from industries. After returning to the district industrial centres, these officers will give answer to the quarries of the potential exports. They will be made aware on how the documentation is done.Mitra also said that a dyeing centre has come up at Nabadwip, which will meet global standards so that the exporters from the state would no longer face any problems during the certification. Around 50,000 weavers would also be benefitted from the project.There was an overall export of 825 million US dollar of iron and steel from Bengal in 2016-17 and the target is to reach up to 1,500 million US dollar within the next three years.While gold and other precious material export remained at 711 million US dollar, with a target of 1,200 million US dollar.The Bengal government has developed a major infrastructure by setting up a Gems and Jewellery Park at Ankurhati in Domjur in this regard. In the leather sector, export stands at 687 million dollar and the target is to reach 1,500 million dollar.Asia’s biggest leather park has come up at Bantala. The state government has allotted a Rs 400 crore investment in Bantala. Marine products and petroleum products have seen a rise in the export.The minister also reminded that apart from airport and sea port, a land port should also be set up for accelerating the exports. In case of fresh vegetables, the exporters were facing problems as they have to export the products through Vizag port. The issue would be taken up with the Union commerce minister.Sanjay Budhia, managing director, PATTON Group, who was present at the programme, said: “We thank minister Mitra and his colleagues for this much needed initiative and the first of its kind ‘Workshop on Promoting Exports from West Bengal’, involving and interacting with exporters across all sections. Today’s programme again reinforced that Bengal means business and exports is one the key factors to create employment and economic activity.”
Picking up a piece of cloth and creating a visionary design, by a designer, who too like an artist puts in all the imagination that one has, is a treat for one to witness. The imagination comes alive and it becomes a proud moment for the artist when he is able to celebrate and showacse his/her collection. Craft revivalist and textile conservationist Madhu Jain hosted an evening to introduce her Spring-Summer collection on Thursday at ‘Ogaan’ in the national Capital. Maneka Gandhi, Union Cabinet Minister for Women & Child Development, inaugurated the collection. Some of the prominent guests spotted at the event were Designer Poonam Bhagat, Tikka Shatrujit Singh, Ambika Shukla, Neelam Pratap Rudy, Shovana Narayan, Alpana Gujral, Ruchi Malhotra Makhni, and many more. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Madhu, whose formidable reputation has been built on promoting indigenous forms of textile weaving and designs, unveils her vibrant new collection. This time she showcases her brand-new Uzbek-inspired Ikats, alongside a retrospective of her signature Andhra Pradesh and Odisha Ikat styles into which she has infused the Buddhist Mandala design inputs from the textile traditions of Thailand. “My fresh collection showcases a confluence of two cultures—Indian and Uzbek—that share so much in common. Seeing the unifying threads in the traditional weaves of two different regions is something that enthuses and challenges me. I then set about seeing how I can amalgamate the beauty in each to produce a totally new weave that nonetheless stays true to the distinctiveness of the individual cultures. In Andhra, for instance, Ikat fabric is produced on pit looms, and semi-circular frames are used in the preparation of warp and weft. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe design sensibility leans towards geometricals. In Odisha, on the other hand, Ikat is inspired by temple motifs and also by nature. So, you will notice parrots, flowers, elephants, and deer. And also, Navagunjara, an animal, which is considered to be an incarnation of Vishnu, you will find incorporated in Odisha’s traditional Pattachitra paintings. I took both sets of elements and combined them to come up with contemporary weaves that remain rooted in the traditional forms,” says Madhu.For this collection, Madhu has worked with master weavers to create a convergence of two distinct styles with a colour palette that is largely influenced by Indigo. Atisha Pratap Singh is the face of Madhu Jain’s Spring-Summer line.
Kolkata: A fire broke out at a tannery in Kolkata Leather Complex area on Wednesday afternoon. Two persons sustained burn injuries due to this and one person among them is seriously injured. Both are admitted to a hospital near Ruby crossing. The fire was extinguished after almost two hours.Sources informed that at around 12:30 pm on Wednesday, the locals noticed smoke coming out of a tannery at plot number 163 of Kolkata Leather Complex.Immediately, nearby people started shouting in order to alert the persons working inside. Some of the workers rushed out of the building but two persons identified as Rinku Mondal and Sagar Das somehow got trapped inside. Fire brigade and police were informed. Within a short period of time, four fire tenders reached the spot and started the rescue operation while a few firefighters went inside with precautionary measures to recover the duo trapped there. Within a few minutes, both the injured persons were recovered and sent to hospital. According to the police, Mondal has been admitted with 80 percent burn injury and Das suffered minor burn injuries. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to fire brigade officials, as the tannery was filled with leather, fire spread very quickly and firefighters faced difficulties because of wind while dousing the flames. Later, two more fire tenders were pressed into action. It got extinguished around 2:45 pm.Though it is suspected that the fire occurred due to a short circuit but police and fire brigade officials are yet to ascertain. To mark the cause, fire brigade officials may visit the tannery on Thursday.Apart from the existingfire fighters, Disaster management Group personnel of Kolkata Police also worked relentlessly to douse the flames. It will be investigated whether the fire fighting equipment were in a working condition.
Women in India who cook using fuels such as wood, crop residues, kerosene and dried dung are nearly 50 per cent more likely to have cataracts than those who use clean fuels such as gas, new research warns. The study, believed to be the largest such, was conducted by the All India Institute for Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Aravind Eye Hospitals and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. “Our results reinforce the documented risks of biomass fuels on other health conditions in India and highlight the need for the rapid development of affordable, clean cooking fuels,” said study co-author RD Ravindran, the chairperson, Aravind Eye Care System.The population-based study involved nearly 6,000 people aged 60 and over from randomly chosen rural villages and small towns in India. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Participants were interviewed at home on their use of cooking fuel over their adult life, and on a range of socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. After taking into account other risk factors including indicators of poor nutrition, sun exposure, smoking and chewing tobacco, the researchers found that women who cooked with biomass fuels were 46 per cent more likely to have nuclear cataracts compared to those who used gas. Furthermore, the researchers found that cataracts were more likely to affect women when the length of the time women had used biomass fuels increases. That is from 50 per cent more likely for 20 years use rising to 90 per cent after 30 years. “Our study provides the strongest evidence yet of an association with adult lifetime exposure to biomass fuels and cataracts,” professor Astrid Fletcher from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine who co-ordinated the study said. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“This was only found in women, probably because cooking was almost only done by women using stoves without chimneys, exposing them directly to smoke. Unexpectedly we also found that women who cooked with kerosene were more likely to have cataracts,” Fletcher noted. The study was published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.Biomass cooking fuels are particularly common in India, especially in poorer communities, as they are generally cheap and easily accessible. Recent estimates suggest that 83 per cent of rural households and 19 per cent of urban households in India use them. However, they are typically burnt in open stoves exposing households to high levels of health damaging pollutants including small respirable particulates. It is thought these may impair the eye’s defence system, accelerating the clouding of the lens leading to cataract.
KOLKATA: A woman was allegedly beaten up by two co-passengers in a local train at Sonarpur. Later, Government Railway Police (GRP) arrested the duo. The complainant alleged that on Monday morning, she was taking her daughter to school. Around 10:30 am, when the train was about to enter Sonarpur station, the complainant tried to move forward as she had to get down. Two women were standing near the gate. As her way was blocked, the complainant asked them to provide space for them to pass. Hearing this, both the women used abusive language and asked her to make space for herself. When she tried to move forward, the complainant came in contact with one of the women standing there, which made the duo furious. They started beating up the complainant and pulled her hair. Though none of the co-passengers came to her rescue, some of them screamed as the train had already entered the station. Hearing their screams, some GRP personnel went to the compartment and were informed about the incident. Immediately, both the accused were detained. The complainant was taken to a local hospital and was treated and discharged. Later, she lodged a complaint with the Sonarpur GRP, following which the women were arrested.
Artist Nita Banerji has spent the last three decades perfecting her art. Having recently turned 75 doesn’t deter her. She continues to churn out breathtaking pictures of landscapes, monuments, and still life. Her pictures are so exquisitely realistic that you could be forgiven for thinking they are photographs, not paintings. Realistic art in this era? You might wonder if that’s quite a thing these days. But being politically correct – or artistically correct, let’s say – doesn’t bother Nita. “A long time ago, at my first exhibition, I was asked why I didn’t do abstracts,” she says. “I didn’t have an answer then and it has taken me all this time to gradually work out what that answer might be.” That’s where magic comes in. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”When I see something I like, I want to own it, to possess it and to make it mine, uniquely mine,” the artist declares. She identifies this as an abstraction. “The resulting work, though realistic and representational, contains for me that glimpse of magic and joy.” Her works on exhibition include flowers and sunsets, buildings and ruins, mountains and apples, and one curious painting of three bell peppers, red, yellow, and green, which appear to be floating through the sky. The reason for this almost random collection of subjects, Nita explains, is because “I see, not the subject matter, but the essence of the composition.The wood, not the trees.The appeal of a particular project could be colour, shapes, light, composition, even the technique used to execute it.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWhen Nita picked up a paint brush again many years later in the 1990s, she started with water color and color pencils. Without a teacher and with the now ever-present Internet still some years in the future at that time, she turned to books on drawing, sketching, and painting, many of them showing works of the great masters of art, and from those she laboriously taught herself the techniques she need. Nita’a paintings are on display in an exhibition titled Glimpses of Magic, at India International Center Annexe till June 9.
The epic rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union during the course of the Cold War has many times put the world in danger of an all-out nuclear war. Investments exceeding any imaginable figure were made for the production of various missiles, warheads, and silos. Both countries built enormous underground complexes, placing their weapons of mass destruction on standby mode, as a war between superpowers constantly threatened to erase mankind from the face of the earth. The question was — who would dare to strike first?In the early 1980s, tensions escalated between the two countries to a level similar to during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.With the American development of advanced Trident C4 intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of launching from a submarine, the Soviets realized the threat of a first-strike attack from the ocean, as enemy submarines could stealthily approach the coast.Trident C-4Their biggest fear was that the U.S. intended to apply the decapitation strategy, i.e. precise a surprise strike on the capital, intended to eliminate the Soviet top leadership. This would potentially render the county incapable of providing an adequate response.So, a protocol was introduced, backed by sophisticated technology together with top-ranking officials of the Strategic Nuclear Forces and other vital figures who would usually authorize the use of WMDs. In the event of an attack on Moscow, a computer system linked with Soviet missile silos would begin a retaliatory sequence.Many hypothetical doomsday devices are based on the fact that salted hydrogen bombs can create large amounts of nuclear fallout.A number of missiles would be launched automatically at various cities and strategic points across the U.S. The system was named Perimeter but was colloquially known as the Dead Hand, for its role in the potential aftermath of a nuclear strike. Based on a previous system called Signal which needed manual authorization in order to launch, Perimeter took things further by becoming completely automatic.It was conceived so that retaliation was to be delivered, no matter what.NASA Apollo moon landings conspiraciesEven today little is known about the Perimeter automatic nuclear-weapons control system, as it was kept top secret by the Soviet officials. The underground complex of bunkers is located south of Moscow together with its backup facilities.The collapse of the U.S.S.R. shed some light on the way the system worked, but still many discrepancies appeared in interviews with the people involved in the project.Basically, in a crisis, the procedure was as follows: a high-ranking military official would send a coded message to the bunkers, immediately switching on the Dead Hand. A set of ground-level sensors would then start measuring parameters such as seismic activity, radioactivity, and air pressure.If the readings indicated that a nuclear explosion had in fact incinerated Moscow, Dead Hand would know what to do.December 1941. Fresh forces going to the front from Moscow. Photo by RIA Oleg Ignatovich CC BY SA 3.0A series of rockets would then be launched, serving as transmitters, authorizing missiles across the Soviet Union to begin their countdown. All available missiles in silos, submarines and bomber aircraft would then be put in motion and head towards their targets.Research on the nature of the doomsday device was conducted by Terry Gross and David Hoffman in 2009. The two scientists concluded that the underground facility south of Moscow had three staff officers who were responsible for manually launching the rockets which were to be used in a retaliatory attack.Cover of The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and its Dangerous Legacy, written by David E. Hoffman.Hoffman noted in his article that the Soviets indeed intended to make Perimeter fully-automated, and was capable of doing so, but abandoned the idea in fear of putting the fate of the world into the hands of a computer.Read another story from us: When Soviet schoolchildren presented Ambassador Averell Harriman with a replica of the Great Seal of the U.S. in 1945, there was a listening device insideIn 1991, the Cold War officially ended, without the use of nuclear weapons. However, assumptions were recently made that the complex is still operational as part of the Russian Army and that it might even have been upgraded to more modern standards.Nikola Budanovic is a freelance journalist who has worked for various media outlets such as Vice, War History Online, The Vintage News, and Taste of Cinema. His main areas of interest are history, particularly military history, literature and film
The 1971 movie A Clockwork Orange is one of Stanley Kubrick’s most impressive and controversial cinematic works. This masterful, dystopian film, based on the groundbreaking novel of the same name by Anthony Burgess, deals with some extremely difficult and graphic material. Kubrick’s adaptation was released to critical acclaim and constitutes a thoughtful commentary on issues such as morality, free will and the role of psychological conditioning in the rehabilitation of criminals.According to The Telegraph, it follows the story of unhinged gang leader Alex, his evening of ‘ultra-violence’ with his fellow thugs, and his subsequent incarceration and rehabilitation through aversion therapy.Stanley Kubrick, during filming of his movie 2001: a Space Odyssey. Photo by Dmitri Kessel/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty ImagesThe result is a film that is both deeply disturbing and thought provoking. For some, it is a cinematic masterpiece that exposes some difficult-to-stomach ideas about the human condition and our capacity for moral or immoral behavior.However, in 1973 A Clockwork Orange was withdrawn from circulation in the United Kingdom, at the request of Kubrick himself. According to The Telegraph, it would remain unavailable for distribution or broadcast in the United Kingdom until Kubrick’s death in 1999. Although it is often reported that A Clockwork Orange was ‘banned’ in the United Kingdom, the removal of the movie was actually Kubrick’s own choice.Poster of A Clockwork Orange taken from the original trailer.In the year after the movie’s cinematic release in 1971, a number of disturbing crimes were reported that seemed to have connections with some of its most infamous and disturbing scenes. It appeared as if some copy cats were on the loose.In perhaps the most shocking of these incidents, a group of men from Lancashire assaulted a 17-year-old girl to the tune of “Singin’ in the Rain”, mirroring the brutal scene near the beginning of the movie in the abandoned building.Paul Farrell in the trailer for A Clockwork OrangeIn addition, according to The Telegraph, a 16-year-old boy was found guilty of killing an elderly homeless man, after claiming that he had heard about a similar scene in the movie. The association of real-world acts of violence with the movie was deeply upsetting for Kubrick, and he decided to pull A Clockwork Orange from the British market.The movie reinvigorated an old debate about the potential societal impact of depictions of graphic violence. Kubrick himself had anticipated many of these critiques in the early publicity for A Clockwork Orange, and he was initially adamant that his film could not be responsible for so-called copycat violence.Philip Stone as Dad in a trailer for A Clockwork OrangeKubrick argued passionately that art and literature had always depicted violence and horror, citing the Bible, Shakespeare and the Greek myths as prime examples. Art could not create evil or violence, rather, the capacity for these violent acts had to be there in the subject beforehand. He completely rejected the notion that a work of art or popular culture could create a psychopath where one had not existed before.Yet, despite these firm convictions, Kubrick nonetheless decided to pull the movie from circulation in the United Kingdom, in response to the rise in apparently associated violent crime. According to The Telegraph, he never spoke of his decision, and appears to have remained committed to the idea that his art did not produce violence.Stanley Kubrick, aged 21, in 1949However, the hysteria created around the release of A Clockwork Orange had potentially rendered the film dangerous. Several of the perpetrators of the crimes that were supposedly imitating the film had not even seen it – they had simply heard descriptions of the acts. The scandal itself was becoming more dangerous than the content of the movie.Although Kubrick never gave an explicit reason for his decision to remove the movie from circulation, he may have simply wanted to defuse the controversy that had tainted his work.Read another story from us: Lost Stanley Kubrick script discovered & in perfect shape to be filmedIndeed, A Clockwork Orange finally appeared once again on British cinema screens in 2000, after Kubrick’s death. Removed from the scandal surrounding its original release, the film did not open up any long-buried arguments about the role of art in inciting violence, nor did it appear to encourage any copycat crimes. Kubrick’s work continues to raise questions and challenge audiences, and A Clockwork Orange remains an important part of his legacy.
Although he lived eight years longer than the legendary musician members of the “27 Club” including Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison and, later, Kurt Cobain and Amy Winehouse, Texas blues musician Stevie Ray Vaughan’s early end at age 35 in a helicopter crash brought his extraordinary life and music career to a sudden end. Born in Dallas in 1954, Stevie Ray was gifted his first toy guitar at age seven and subsequently received a number of hand-me-down electric guitars from his older brother, Jimmie. He began to play with various bands in the Dallas area as a teenager and formed his first band, Blackbird, in 1971.Stevie Ray Vaughan & Double Trouble played the Ritz Theater in Austin, Texas on March 18th & 19th 1983. Photo by Bbadventure CC BY-SA 4.0Stevie Ray dropped out of high school and moved his band to Austin, lured by the more easy-going audiences in the city that calls itself the Live Music Capital of the World. After leaving Blackbird in late 1972, Vaughan joined a string of bands and began touring and recording. Finally, in 1978, he took charge of the band with whom he discovered widespread acclaim, renaming it Double Trouble.Vaughan’s childhood home in the Oak Cliff neighborhood of Dallas. Photo by Old Oak CliffDouble Trouble became an opening act for one of Stevie’s childhood idols, blues legend Muddy Waters. Around the same time, Vaughan was arrested for drug possession, prompting Waters to remark, “Stevie could perhaps be the greatest guitar player that ever lived, but he won’t live to get 40 years old if he doesn’t leave that white powder alone.”Although Double Trouble became well-known throughout Texas, Stevie Ray didn’t start to gain national popularity in the US until his collaboration with British rocker David Bowie on Bowie’s now classic album, Let’s Dance, in 1982. Later, Jackson Browne offered Double Trouble free use of his LA recording studio, where they recorded an astonishing ten songs in a two-day span. These were later compiled on Double Trouble’s first studio album, Texas Flood.Double Trouble in 1983. From left to right Chris Layton, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Tommy ShannonDouble Trouble was the opening act for The Moody Blues in the mid-eighties, after which they were invited to appear on the TV series Austin City Limits. Then, the band played a sold-out concert at the Beacon Theatre in New York City, prompting Variety magazine to publish an article saying that their set “left no doubt that this young Texas musician is indeed the ‘guitar hero of the present era.’”Related Video: The Forgotten Beatle – Whatever Happened to their Early Drummer Pete Best?Double Trouble’s second studio album, Couldn’t Stand the Weather, was even more widely acclaimed than their debut, though their third record did not prove to be as popular.Stevie Ray Vaughan signing an autograph for a fan after Double Trouble’s show in Minneapolis, MN on October 25, 1989 on their In Step Tour. Photo by Joe Bielawa CC BY 2.0It is impressive that Stevie Ray could play so astonishingly, despite his intense, long-term addictions. His bandmate Tommy Shannon said, “Stevie and I reached this point where we had to have it all the time. If the phone would ring in the morning and wake us up, we couldn’t answer the phone before we had some alcohol.” After hitting rock bottom, both Vaughan and Shannon went into rehab in 1986 and got sober.According to Stevie Ray, Double Trouble’s fourth album — which turned out to be their last — was called In Step because, after getting rid of his addictions, he was “finally in step with life, in step with myself, in step with my music.” The record came out in 1989 and earned Stevie Ray and band a coveted Grammy award.Signed Stevie Ray Vaughan reproduction guitar. Photo by Monkeyleg CC BY-SA 4.0Sadly, right when he was hitting his peak stride, Stevie’s life was cut short in the early morning hours of August 27, 1990. After he and members of Eric Clapton’s touring entourage performed at Alpine Valley Music Theatre in Wisconsin, they headed for the Chicago airport in a helicopter. Due to foggy conditions, it crashed shortly after takeoff, ending all five passengers lives on impact. No traces of any substances were found in the autopsies of the victims.Read another story from us: John Denver’s Fateful Last Flight – An Illegal Takeoff on an Experimental PlaneApproximately 3,000 mourners attended Vaughan’s funeral, including music-industry stars ZZ Top, Stevie Wonder, Bonnie Raitt, and Buddy Guy, among many others. Vaughan’s tombstone proclaims: “Thank you… for all the love you passed our way.”
I think we all know what “Stanford Bro” thinks. McCaffrey added two impressive touchdown runs that actually did count, including a 31-yard fourth quarter dash to put the game out of reach for Stanford.Christian McCaffrey is back at it! This time it counts. @StanfordFball leads @KStateFB, 17-0. https://t.co/IFH6ThLZ0b— FOX College Football (@CFBONFOX) September 3, 2016 This is how you finish in the 4th quarter. Christian McCaffrey does it again. https://t.co/iSyuIpDefc— FS1 (@FS1) September 3, 2016 After Christian McCaffrey singlehandedly destroyed Iowa in last year’s Rose Bowl, the nation was introduced to “Heisman Bro“. He was face-punchably obnoxious, but he wasn’t entirely wrong.McCaffrey rushed for over 2,000 yards, and added 600 yards receiving. He also handled punt and kickoff returns for the Cardinal in 2015. His stats screamed “Heisman!!!!!”, the voters screamed “Runner Up”.Last night against Kansas State, McCaffrey kicked off his 2016 sprint for the Heisman right where he left off. He flashed regularly during the Cardinal’s 26-13 win over the Wildcats with 126 yards on 26 carries and 201 all-purpose yardsThe highlight of the night was a McCaffrey punt return that was called back for an illegal block in the back. Can a play that didn’t count be the play of the year?Christian McCaffrey with an unbelievable 90+ yard punt-return for the touchdown with Gus Johnson play-by-play pic.twitter.com/xzfEPGOWzH— Dov Kleiman (@NFL_DovKleiman) September 3, 2016 Advertisement
Advertisement New Rockets duo James Harden and Chris Paul continued their honeymoon while Kyrie Irving and LeBron James head for divorce court. They played in their first game together at the Los Angeles Drew League last night against a team featuring Tim Hardaway, Jr. Dwyane Wade was in attendance to watch the super duo test drive.There isn’t a ton to draw from what amounts to a pickup game, other than seeing the new superstar teammates on the floor together. Harden and Paul only won the game by 5, but it’s not like they were in playoff mode. Their supporting cast wasn’t exactly the Rockets either.Check out some highlights:
The Chargers selected Florida State safety Derwin James with the 17th overall pick. Colin was in the war room when the selection was made, and footage from the team war room cam shows Colin playing a crucial role in the process.As the video shows, while GM Tom Telesco was making the life changing call to inform James that he would be the pick, Colin can be seen furiously writing crucial details on a piece of paper before getting up and walking off screen, probably to get a jump on breaking down some high level analytics. Or maybe just to use the john.Watch Colin doing…something in the draft room.“Hey, I got one question for you… can you help us win a Super Bowl?”The call that changed Derwin James’ life. pic.twitter.com/8CeytEX8sa— Los Angeles Chargers (@Chargers) April 27, 2018 Advertisement
This story appears in the November 2006 issue of Entrepreneur. Subscribe » November 1, 2006 Register Now » 3 min read Just because your printer, media player or other peripheral didn’t come with Wi-Fi doesn’t mean it must be forever relegated to the wired world. Wireless Ethernet converters or bridges are the quickest ways to get your peripherals working with Wi-Fi, usually 802.11g. These small, antenna-equipped devices connect to your peripheral’s Ethernet port. Instead of being attached to a driver on a PC, they’re configured via web browser, giving you the freedom to associate the transmitter with whatever peripheral is convenient for you.A wireless Ethernet adapter won’t break the bank. For example, the Belkin Wireless G Ethernet Bridge F5D7330 runs about $100 (all prices street). The Buffalo AirStation High Power Wireless Ethernet Converter (www.buffalotech.com) incorporates 802.11g and MIMO technology in an under-$70 package.If you’re looking to hook up a multifunction printer, you may not get full functionality when you use a wireless Ethernet adapter. Instead, look into a device like the $95 D-Link RangeBooster G Multifunction Print Server and check to see if it supports your particular printer model. If you don’t need the wireless flexibility to place your device wherever you want, some peripherals may be better left hard-wired to your network. Be heard loud and clear with a portable speakerphone.When it comes to cell phones, built-in speakerphones can be fickle features. Voice quality isn’t always as clear as you would like. This is where upgrading to a portable USB or Bluetooth speakerphone could help. Whether you need better quality for hands-free talking in the car or around a table in the office meeting room, these devices make sense for users whose built-in speakerphones aren’t quite up to snuff.The Mvox MV900 wireless portable speakerphone is a good example of your upgrade options. It offers Bluetooth and USB connectivity and is certified to work with Palm’s popular Treo 650 and Treo 700w smartphones. The $130 (all prices street) device features 120 db speaker volume, small-array microphone technology, a visor clip and speaker independent voice dialing. It weighs 2.5 ounces and works with most Bluetooth-equipped phones. The USB port lets it double as a speakerphone for your computer.Well-known mobilephone headset maker Jabra also has a Bluetooth speakerphone. The $100 Jabra SP500 includes suction cups and visor clips for car use, a pivoting microphone, a digital volume wheel and a mute button. At 6 ounces, it’s a bit heftier than the Mvox MV900, but either will add a new level of convenience to your phone conversations. Speak Up Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right.
November 5, 2014 If you have a breakthrough idea for your business, you’ve probably considered bringing it to life by developing a mobile app. It’s not a bad idea. Mobile apps are extremely popular at the moment, and they’re paving the way for all kinds of new and exciting business ideas. The problem, especially for many of the smaller-sized businesses we work with at Icreon, is trying to figure out the right approach.Here are five helpful tips that will help any business navigate the treacherous waters of app development — while avoiding some of the most common mistakes.1. Failing to make sufficient platform considerations.iOS, Android, Windows: Where should my app go? While any app developer will find themselves forced to confront this question, often they fail to comprehensively dissect each option at their disposal. Some developers base their platform choice on stereotypes. It’s not uncommon to see someone develop for iOS just because they believe monetization would be easier on the App Store. While this may be true in some cases, it’s not universal. Additionally, there are many other considerations that must go into platform selection.Related: 4 Types of Apps That Never SucceedWhile iOS may be extremely popular in the U.S., Android reigns supreme on a global scale, often in much larger margins than in the U.S. So if you intend on publishing your app in multiple countries, consider Android over iOS. When you make any platform decision, make sure you’re thinking of every possibility and alternative. If you fail to do so, you run the risk of severely limiting your audience.2. Thinking of the mobile experience as a downsized web experience.Let’s get this out of the way: A mobile app is fundamentally different from a website. It’s different in size, it’s different in functionality, and it’s different in scope. The difference is so important, in fact, that if Apple disapproves of your app’s design, they may actually reject it. So why do so many miss this important detail? For one, some people think that their app should do all of the same things that their site does, or else it is somehow less valuable. But this couldn’t be farther from the truth.The reason why mobile apps are valuable is because they’re different from their desktop cousins. They can be accessed on the go, their touch interfaces are more intuitive, they can take advantage of access to device hardware and they’re infinitely customizable. A good mobile app doesn’t fall back on pre-established designs or functionalities — it uses the available hardware to create a new and delightful experience.With responsive web design making the desktop browser experience more user-friendly than ever, it takes more to justify the existence of a new app. Before you hop into the fray, do everything you can to pinpoint what makes your product unique, and then bring that to life as a piece of exceptionally-designed software.3. Dropping the ball on monetization.The nuances of monetizing an app can be extremely daunting at first. Do you go for a subscription model, or do you implement a freemium approach with in-app purchases? Maybe you ditch both, and just go with in-app advertising to make money. Every possible approach can be mixed and matched in ways that perfectly suit your project, but it can be a monumental task to settle on the best one.Luckily, you have time to make the right decision. Start thinking about monetization early in the development process, and be pro-active about pursuing the correct path. Sites such as AppAnnie and AppTrace let you organize top apps by genre and popularity. By looking at apps in your genre, you can gain valuable insight into how the most successful apps are monetizing.Related: How to Get Users Hooked on Your Mobile App4. Thinking your app’s going to sell itself.No matter how optimistic you are about your launch, when you publish an app, you’re tossing it into a sea of thousands of competitors. If you don’t have a comprehensive plan to increase visibility, you run the risk of having it disappear altogether.Before you get started with your marketing efforts, it’s important that you define your audience. Are you targeting a small niche, or are you aiming for a broader market? Either way, make sure your app identifies specific issues that affect that market, and then design your app to address those issues. For identifying trends and consumer demand, try using tools like Google Trends and Xyologic.One goal to set for yourself is to try to make an app that’ll gain featured status on the App Store. While some can make the “Staff Picks” section through quality alone, you can increase your chances by taking advantage of upcoming Apple releases. With the release of iOS 8, for instance, Apple featured many new apps for implementing the new OS’s features in innovative ways.Even if you don’t develop your app around new hardware technology, it’s always something to keep in mind — it could give your app the big boost it needs.5. Trying to be the beta tester for your own app.“Why have someone else beta test your app when you can do it yourself?”If you’ve ever asked this question while developing an app, you’ve probably been burned by the outcome. There’s a reason why beta testers are important: They offer valuable outside perspective that will help to catch issues with your app.It’s not just the bugs that matter, either — some of these ideas can be crucial for making your app user-friendly. For instance, maybe your in-app purchases aren’t communicated clearly enough, or maybe your use of advertisements is making the entire experience feel a bit jarring. Because you built the app this way, it’s harder for you to be able to pinpoint these high-level flaws.Use app-analytics tools such as Flurry and Google’s Universal Analytics to see how your testers are using the app. The more people you can have beta test your app outside your own office, the more prepared you’ll be to send your app out into the real world.Related: Mark Cuban Reveals the 13 Apps on His Phone Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 6 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Register Now »
August 25, 2017 Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Register Now » In the 1970s, if you wanted to know what sector was hot, all you had to do was go to the mall and see what businesses had the most customers. Nowadays, with an economy increasingly driven by the internet, all you have to do is look at what web pros (aka professional web developers and designers) are working on to know what small businesses are thriving.According to an Evans Data study of web developers and designers commissioned by GoDaddy, consumer-centric markets for retail, travel, health and fitness are driving web pro growth today. And all that growth is helping lead to another growth sector: web developers and designers themselves. Based on research conducted in Brazil, Germany, India, Mexico, the United Kingdom and United States, web pros are also growing fast.Related: 15 Useful Tech Tools for Your BusinessThat retail, travel, health and fitness are leading the growth isn’t entirely surprising. Over the last two decades, as the global population has both prospered and aged, consumers are looking for experiences — and how to stay healthy enough to enjoy them. That’s broadly true across all the countries included in the survey, with one exception: India. There, the creative industries and education lead the way. It’s the only country where travel and retail didn’t make the top three:U.S.Germany/U.K.IndiaBrazilMexico1. Retail1. Retail1. Creative1. Retail1. Travel2. Travel2. Food2. Education2. Travel2. Retail3. Health/Fitness3. Creative3. Health/Fitness3. Real Estate3. FoodSo, what will be next? As we enter the next stage of the internet — artificial intelligence and the internet of things — we’re likely to see transportation and advice-based industries — health, legal, investing for example — emerge.Related: 25 Creative Ways to Promote Your App For FreeBut, web pros are not only a leading indicator, they are a critical part of small business development, and the research conducted by Evans Data shows that while the web pro business is an opportunity it also comes with pain points.First, there’s managing growth. Nearly 80 percent of web developers and designers report client growth of 25 percent or more a year — with more than one in three saying it was 50 percent or more. It’s still a relatively young industry (nearly half of web pros reported only being in business five years or less), and it struggles with how to keep up with demand. That is especially true in the newer markets such as India and Mexico. The research shows the importance of continued learning and the need to manage growth and focus on looking where your next clients will come from.Related: The 25 Best U.S. Cities for Tech StartupsIn the newer markets, the focus is on gaining the technical and creative skills to provide services whole managing clients. But, in the most mature market, the United States, the focus is as much on how the business is run — project management and business skills — as it is staying up to speed technically.To manage growth as the internet continues to reshape the economy, it’s critical that those who put small businesses online mature as well. There is a strong need for standards — as reflected by the 83 percent of web pros who say they support a certification program.Instead of easing up, we’re likely to see the internet’s impact on the economy accelerate with the introduction of AI and other emerging technologies. The economy is struggling to keep up: It’s projected in the United States alone there will be 1.8 million unfilled tech jobs by 2024. As new ventures are created, that will put pressure on those who get those businesses online. So, if you want to know what’s the next big thing, ask a web pro — they are probably already working on it. Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 4 min read